2017 was not a good year for consumer confidence in Volkswagen vehicles in China.  Volkswagen was forced to recall 4.86 million Chinese cars that had potentially faulty airbags in September of last year.  That very same month, they also were forced to recall 1.8 million vehicles over faulty fuel pumps that occasionally caused the vehicles to stall.  Earlier in the year, Audi announced it was recalling approximately 680,000 cars in China over defective coolant pumps.